World Mosquito Day is celebrated each year on the 20th of August, in remembrance of a British doctor Sir Ronald Ross’s discovery in 1897 that female mosquito transmits malaria among humans.

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Photo by Егор Камелев on Unsplash

This day not only signifies the discovery of the cause of spreading one of the deadliest viruses in the history of mankind but also how to reduce its devastating effects caused by one of the smallest creatures. Each year millions of people die due to malaria alone and even more, are affected by it, in 2017 alone 4,35,000 people died due to malaria and 219 million were reported all across the world. It is estimated that malaria has killed almost half the population that ever lived, i.e., 54 billion people (1 million per year). That is what the actual significance of the day is. Tropical countries are most affected by this, especially 11 countries 10 in South Africa and India.

The day is commemorated not just to understand the dangers of the carrier but also to create awareness on how to reduce the same.

Though the problem is intense the precautionary methods are quite simple.

Do not store water in open spaces.

Do not store water for too long as mosquito larva survives in water.

Pour some kerosene over a place were water gets collected to cut its connection with air.

Create awareness among people around you

Avoid letting doors and windows open for the mosquitoes to enter

The steps to be taken are simple, but this avoids the problem to a larger extent. Awareness generation and precaution propagation is the main objective of the day.

Awareness is like the sun. When it shines on things, they are transformed.

Contributed by Ayush Parmar content writer at Mitti Ke Rang

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