Deepawali is avowed as the “Festival of Light” where people have been celebrating the return of Lord Rama from his 14 years of exile from the past 2500 years and also to embrace light over darkness. There are innumerable mythological stories that emphasize “Why Deepawali is Celebrated after 21 Days of Dusshera”? Dusshera remarks on the triumph of good over evil. This is the day when Lord Rama killed Ravana to rescue Sita.
Traditionally, Dussehra marks the ending of Navaratri festivities which is also referred to as Sharad Navaratri which celebrates the arrival of Autumn (Falls). Out of the 5 Navaratries, it is the most popular of all as the moon reaches its full majestic glory on Sharad Purnima (The brightest full moon of the year). Deepawali falls on the last day of Ashwin month on Amavasya which is the darkest new moon night of the year. The transition of the moon from Dusshera to Sharad Purnima and Deepawali takes about 20 days. Therefore, Deepawali is celebrated after 20 days of Dusshera to symbolize the victory of good over evil.
One such story which is on the lips of every Indian is, after the victory of Lord Rama on Sri Lanka, he made a celebratory parade with his army to their home town in Ayodhya. The journey from Sri Lanka to Ayodhya took them over 20 days and the natives of his hometown welcomed him with some cup-shaped oil lamps made out of clay known as Diya.
Diya plays a significant role in Hinduism as it denotes Purity, Goodness, and Power, the lightened Diya signifies the power of light over darkness and evil forces. Since Deepawali is celebrated on the darkest night of the year, everyone lights Diya on their household to remark the beauty of light and weaken the power of evil forces (as it is believed that evil forces become inevitable). There is also a belief that the oil in the diya symbolizes greed, jealousy, hate which every human possesses. The cotton in the Diya is symbolic of our soul. The burning of Diya signifies that one can get rid of such hostile behavior and thoughts and guides to the path of enlightenment.
Contributed by Ashima, Content Writer at Mitti Ke Rang.
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