We have confirmed COVID-19 cases worldwide surpassing 9 million and continuing to grow, scientists are pushing forward with efforts to develop vaccines and treatments to slow the pandemic and lessen the disease’s damage.

The world is in the midst of a COVID-19 pandemic. While some western, traditional, or home remedies may provide comfort and alleviate symptoms of mild COVID-19, there are no medicines that have been shown to prevent or cure the disease. Vaccines save millions of lives each year. Vaccines work by training and preparing the body’s natural defenses —the immune system. There are currently over 169 COVID-19 vaccine candidates under development, with 26 of these in the human trial phase. Since the start of the pandemic, global leaders — with the WHO’s help — have recognized the vital and strategic role of a safe and effective vaccine. However, political compulsions driven by populist self-interest and chauvinism have not helped.

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Photo by Daniel Schludi on Unsplash

The virus spreads easily, and the majority of the world’s population is still vulnerable to it. A vaccine would provide some protection by training people’s immune systems to fight the virus so they should not become sick. A vaccine would normally take years, if not decades, to develop. Researchers hope to achieve the same amount of work in only a few months.

Most experts think a vaccine is likely to become widely available by mid-2021. The key part of this question pertains to when a safe and effective Covid-19 vaccine will become available to some, most, or all people who want one. This question has technical and moral components, and the answers on both fronts could foster or impede public acceptance of a vaccine.

The Oxford vaccine combines the spike protein with another virus to mimic the actions of SARS-CoV-2. We may also see some vaccines delivered as a nasal spray. This may elicit a more effective immune response to COVID-19 in the upper respiratory tract, including the nostrils, mouth, and throat. However, there are many different ways of delivering these proteins to the body, and some may be more effective than others at stimulating your immune system.

Multiple research groups have designed potential vaccines. However, there is much more work to do. It’s not just about developing a vaccine in a short span of time but making sure that it is available to everyone in the world and has access to health care.

Till then stay home stay safe!

Contributed by Ishwari content writer at Mitti Ke Rang

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