National Journalism Day- 17 November

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“Journalism is what maintains democracy. It’s the force for progressive social change.”- Andrew Vachss.
National Journalism Day is celebrated on the 17th of November every year in India. We celebrate this day as freedom of speech, thoughts, and virtues and the impact of the media in our society.
What is Journalism?
Journalism is a collection and distribution of information based on current events supported with proof or evidence. The word journalism applies to the occupation that gathers and publishes information based on facts with supporting evidence.
Origin of National Journalism Day
During the 1920s, the essayist Walter Lippmann and an American Philosopher John Dewey traded their perspectives over journalism functions in a vote based society. This was when present-day reporting was coming into the image. It was presently perceived that reporting assumes the middle person’s function between people in general and policymakers. The columnist plays out this job. They used to tune in and record the message verbally expressed by the elites. This message was handled and passed on to general society for their data.
Significance of National Journalism Day
Journalism comprises principles of ethics and moral values that apply to challenges faced by all journalists. The journalist should follow ethics like genuineness, integrity, neutrality, legitimacy, and public answerability. To honour the journalists who explore for the truth and bring it to light as moral protection(National press day- Nov16), the next day is celebrated as National Journalism Day. However, the media acts as a bridge between the government and the citizens. Media influences the decisions of the citizens as well as it brings news from all regions. The day is celebrated to encourage all journalists as freedom of expression in search of the truth.
How is the day celebrated?
The day is celebrated by presenting National Awards for Excellence in Journalism conducted by the Press Council of India to honour all journalists who significantly contributed to society’s change. The award is to motivate the journalists to work without any damage, hindrance, and without any influence of external powers. In India, journalism plays a key role in the nation’s social, political, and economic aspects by rendering freedom of expression in the country.

A free press is one of the pillars of democracy — Nelson Mandela.

Contributed by Dhanlaxmi, Content writer at Mitti Ke Rang.

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