Nanorobotics – Future for medical treatment?

Image Credits: K_E_N/

With the arrival of robots in industrial work, laboratories, hospitals and also recently in the dining business, the 20th century seems to hunger for more of these steady mechanical arms.

Nanorobotics, as the name suggests, is the field of modern engineering operating and constructing devices ranging in size from 0.1 to 10 micrometres and constructed of nanoscale or molecular components. In layman terms, this technology would facilitate micro robots to do things which would normally be too small for the human eye to deal with.

Although this technology is still largely in the research and developmental phase, it has created quite an atmosphere of excitement around it. Proponents of nanorobotics consider it to be the next big thing of the century and the medical world, in particular, has high hopes for this technology to raise the standard and efficiency of surgical operations. This could be used for treating cancer cells, removal of kidney stones, intricate surgeries and re-programming of the DNA structure.

Scientific communities believe that surgical nanorobots could be introduced within the human body and be used as semi-autonomous on-site surgeons to detect and treat pathogens and lesions without any major cutting of tissues and hence reduce the risk of external contamination through open surgeries. These nanorobots could also be programmed to internally diagnose and monitor intricate activities such as blood flow inside veins, wounds in closed spaces, and production of chemicals and hormones in various organs.

Dentistry is also seen as a major area for the application of this technology. Nanorobots would be very effective in correcting dental and jawline anomalies, root canaling, desensitisation of the tooth and performing other intricate oral surgeries.

The actual advent of nanorobotics would hopefully bring even more advancements and achievements in these fields.

Contributed by Sai Priya Tamang, Content writer at Mitti Ke Rang.

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